Every year, the United States observes 11 federal holidays. Federal holidays that occur on Saturday are observed on the prior Friday, while those that fall on Sunday are observed on the following Monday.
|Date||Federal Holiday||# Days|
|Sunday, January 1||New Years Day 2023||-102|
|Monday, January 2||New Years Day 2023 (observed)||-101|
|Monday, January 16||Martin Luther King Day 2023||-87|
|Monday, February 20||Presidents Day 2023 *||-52|
|Monday, May 29||Memorial Day 2023||46|
|Monday, June 19||Juneteenth 2023||67|
|Tuesday, July 4||Independence Day 2023||82|
|Monday, September 4||Labor Day 2023||144|
|Monday, October 9||Columbus Day 2023 **||179|
|Friday, November 10||Veterans Day 2023 (observed)||211|
|Saturday, November 11||Veterans Day 2023||212|
|Thursday, November 23||Thanksgiving 2023||224|
|Monday, December 25||Christmas Day 2023||256|
The above-mentioned federal holidays are designated by the United States Congress in Title V of the United States Code (5 U.S.C. 6103). Because Congress has the right to declare holidays for government (federal) institutions, many other state and private organizations, such as corporations, banks, schools, and post offices, have followed suit and incorporated federal holidays as paid days off for their employees. Many state and municipal governments will give their employees extra days off based on their own culture and history. The first formal federal holidays were established on June 28th, 1870, when Congress intended to correlate with existing state holidays and established federal holidays for federal workers working in the District of Columbia. Later that year, in 1885, the first four federal holidays were extended to all government workers in the nation (New Year’s Day, Independence Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day).
* Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington
** Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, and West Virginia all observe Columbus Day.