Diddiery Santana, a student content writer at University Communications, wrote this piece.
In recent years, there have been misconceptions about Día de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead, being referred to as “Mexican Halloween.” While Halloween and Day of the Dead share common roots and traits and fall close together on the calendar, they are different holidays. Halloween is seen as a night of fright and mischief, but Day of the Dead celebrations are characterized by color and pleasure. We looked at the common issue of death from many angles.
The Tale Behind Halloween
This traditional festival extends back thousands of years. We are all aware that Halloween occurs on the final day of October. The phrase itself means “holy evening,” and it was known to early Europeans as All Hallows’ Eve, in honor of the saints. It was eventually reduced to “Halloween.” The ancient Gaelic holiday of Samhain is said to be the origin of Halloween. Followers thought that the change of the seasons represented a link between this world and the next.
The Samhain holiday involved several ritualistic ceremonies used to connect with spirits, including bonfires, jack-o-lanterns, and costume-wearing to disguise oneself from ghosts. Its origin, which originated in Ireland, the United Kingdom, and France, swiftly expanded, and immigrants took many of their customs to the rest of the globe.
In the early 1900s, the oldest documented American colonial Halloween festivities consisted of enormous gatherings to commemorate the harvest, exchange ghost tales, sing, and dance. Many of Halloween’s basic rituals have evolved through time, from saints and angels to superheroes, characters, physicians, and everything in between. Trick-or-treating has progressed from youngsters knocking on doors asking for “soul cakes” (biscuits) to sweets.
Día de los Muertos Celebration
Day of the Dead originated thousands of years ago with the Aztec and Nahua people. Mourning the dead was deemed disrespectful since the deceased were still regarded part of the community in many societies. It is up to their families to keep their loved ones’ memories alive. On Dia de los Muertos, the dead momentarily return to Earth to be with us. The first and second days of November are dedicated to festivities.
Sofia Chaparro grew raised on the border between Ciudad Juárez and El Paso, Texas. She went to primary school in Juarez and was exposed to Dia de los Muertos rituals. “It’s how we recognize death,” she said. “This is not a depressing day. It is full of life and color.”
There are countless communities in Mexico and other parts of Latin America that celebrate Day of the Dead. Traditions and customs vary by area, but a few symbols appear in all of these events.
- The altars and centerpieces of the event are known as ofrendas (offerings). They are constructed within houses, shops, cemeteries, and other important locations. They’re said to welcome ghosts back to Earth. They are decorated with offerings such as water, food, family photos, and candles. Little toys may be utilized to fill the altar if the spirit is a kid. The major purpose of the food and water is to nourish the deceased after their long journey back to Earth.
- The principal flowers used to adorn altars are cempasuchitl (marigolds). They are scattered across gravesites to guide wandering souls back to their stones.
- Calaveras (skulls) are one of the holiday’s most recognizable emblems. The Catrina skull is the most popular and strikingly attractive. They are often crafted of wood, paper mâché, or sugar paste and are embellished with brilliant colors and sequins.
The Splitting Paths of Halloween and Día de los Muertos
While both celebrations happen on the same day, they are not the same. Halloween is observed on the 31st of October. Día de los Muertos is mainly observed over the first two or three days of November. The first day permits children’s souls to visit their relatives. The second day is reserved for adults and the elderly.
Adriana Alvarez, PhD, assistant professor in the School of Education & Human Development, also grew up in Juarez. When her father died, she felt compelled to build an altar in his honor. “My mother died four years ago, so I purchased an altar,” she said. “I placed their wedding photo at the top. It required the death of dear ones to bring this ritual back to life.” The animated Disney movie, Coco, is another example of a message that encourages individuals like Alvarez to rediscover their roots, she said. After all, when it comes to appreciating culture and customs, there is no one-size-fits-all solution.
The capacity to participate in different festivals and customs is referred to as biculturalism. Although you may not have celebrated it as a youngster, it does not mean the door is always closed. Third-year student Jazmin Teran and her family enjoy celebrating Halloween and Day of the Dead. They embrace dressing up and trick-or-treating, then do their own celebrations to commemorate their loved ones.
While both holidays may be considered “spooky,” Halloween revolves around darkness, death, ghosts, witches, candy, and costumes. On the other hand, Day of the Dead is explicitly about the afterlife and remembrance. The skulls represent the continuity of memory and life. It is a holy time for families because it brings them comfort and tranquility.
What are the origins of Halloween vs Day of the Dead?
It is because the two holidays are celebrated almost on the same day, and they both feature dressing up in costume and similar traditions. Halloween originated in Ireland and Scotland, but Aztec culture absorbed Day of the Dead.
Is Day of the Dead the same day as Halloween?
These aren’t quite the same, though: Halloween is only observed on October 31. Da de Muertos is usually celebrated over two or three days: 1 November: This is known as “Da de los Inocentes.” On midnight of this day, the gates of heaven open to allow the souls of deceased children to visit their families.
Did Day of the Dead inspire Halloween?
In many countries, Halloween (or All Hallows’ Eve) is observed on October 31. It has its roots in pagan celebrations for the end of the harvest season, various festivals of the dead, and the Celtic Samhain festival.
Can you wear Day of the Dead for Halloween?
Dressing up and decorating for Day of the Dead – or Día de los Muertos – is becoming increasingly popular throughout the United States. Some people dress up in Day of the Dead costumes for Halloween, while others wait until the “official” dates of October 31, November 1 and November 2.